You have to first decide if you want to have a or a . Most beginners start with a 10 gallon tank so they can learn the basics of what it takes to maintain a tank. A smaller tank will need more frequent changes of water to maintain the condition of the water. Learning how to maintain a 10 gallon tank is good practice for beginners, as so many beginner fish can easily be kept in a 10 gallon tank.
8 Tips to Keep Your Freshwater Fish Happy and Healthy | Petco
Keeping your tank clean is a critical part of maintaining the health of your fish. However, it can be a bit challenging to do a water change with a sand substrate. Start by partially emptying your tank of both water and décor. Head into the intensive cleaning by focusing on removing general debris and excessive algae growth. Keep your tank looking good by netting solid waste when you see it.
Maintaining Your Aquarium | Petco
Fish are complex creatures and need special care depending on the type of fish you have. There is also a stark difference in maintenance and cleaning needs between a freshwater and a saltwater tank. Be sure you are aware of the differences and make your decision of what kind of tank you want based on the various methods needed to ensure it stays clean and safe for your fish. Before you set the fish tank up, you should perform a process called cycling. This process helps set the stage for healthy water and a healthy environment. Cycling means that you will balance the water levels, make sure the tank is clean and free of any unwanted chemicals such as ammonia, and make sure the water has just the right conditions for both plants and fish before introducing them to the tank. Find out the best ways to clean the gravel, feed the fish, and remove debris and waste from the tank without causing trauma to the fish. It is important to purchase the right treatments needed for either a saltwater or freshwater tank so the levels are correct. Get a good tank thermometer that allows you to monitor the water temperature, and make note of which temperatures your fish prefer in order to thrive. As you clean the tank, you will learn how to perform the task more effectively and how to safely remove the fish so that they are unharmed while you clean it.
How to Maintain an Aquarium | HowStuffWorks