Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks :: Living with Grizzly Bears

Although grizzlies are of the order and have the digestive system of carnivores, they are normally : their diets consist of both plants and animals. They have been known to prey on large mammals, when available, such as , , , , , , , and even ; though they are more likely to take calves and injured individuals rather than healthy adults. Grizzly bears feed on fish such as , , and , and those with access to a more -enriched diet in coastal areas potentially grow larger than inland individuals. Grizzly bears also readily food or carrion left behind by other animals. Grizzly bears will also eat and their eggs, and gather in large numbers at fishing sites to feed on spawning . They frequently prey on baby left in the grass, and occasionally they raid the nests of raptors such as .

Team Leader - Cabinet/Yaak Ecosystem Program Grizzly Bear Biologist, US Fish & Wildlife Service

The grizzly bear is as threatened in the and in parts of Canada. In May 2002, the Canadian Species at Risk Act listed the Prairie population (, and range) of grizzly bears as extirpated in . As of 2002, grizzly bears were listed as special concern under the registry and considered threatened under the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Wyoming Game and Fish Department - Grizzly Bear Management

Team Leader - Cabinet/Yaak Ecosystem Program Grizzly Bear Biologist, US Fish & Wildlife Service Within the United States, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service concentrates its effort to restore grizzly bears in six recovery areas. These are Northern Continental Divide (Montana), Yellowstone (Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho), Cabinet-Yaak (Montana and Idaho), Selway-Bitterroot (Montana and Idaho), Selkirk (Idaho and Washington), and North Cascades (Washington). The grizzly population in these areas is estimated at 750 in the Northern Continental Divide, 550 in Yellowstone, 40 in the Yaak portion of the Cabinet-Yaak, and 15 in the Cabinet portion (in northwestern Montana), 105 in Selkirk region of Idaho, 10–20 in the North Cascades, and none currently in Selway-Bitterroots, although there have been sightings. These are estimates because bears move in and out of these areas, and it is therefore impossible to conduct a precise count. In the recovery areas that adjoin Canada, bears also move back and forth across the international boundary.

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On 9 January 2006, the proposed to remove Yellowstone grizzlies from the . In March 2007, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service "de-listed" the population, effectively removing protections for grizzlies in the area. Several environmental organizations, including the NRDC, brought a lawsuit against the federal government to relist the grizzly bear. On 22 September 2009, U.S. District Judge reinstated protection due to the decline of tree, whose nuts are an important source of food for the bears. In 1996 the International Union for Conservation of Nature moved the grizzly bear to the lower risk "Least Concern" status on the IUCN Red List.

Wyoming Game and Fish Department - Grizzly Bear Delisting - FAQ