The natural Siamese Fighting Fish has a stout elongated body and short rounded fins, with the female having shorter fins than the male. Like all other labyrinth fish they can breath air, generally gulping it at the water's surface. They have a special 'labyrinth organ' which acts like a lung that enables them to survive in oxygen-depleted or polluted waters. They will grow to between 2 1/2 to 3 inches (6 - 7 cm) in length and their average life span is 2 - 3 years with good care.In their natural wild form the body coloration is a dull green and brown, though possibly becoming stronger they are agitated. There can be a color pattern change with mood swings, primarily on females. Horizontal bars will display when they are stressed or frightened (only rarely seen on males) and vertical stripes may appear on females when flirting to indicate they are willing and ready to breed. Today Betta's are available in many brilliant colors and color patterns, and with incredible fins. Both male's and the female's have been developed through selective breeding. This species has two primary mutation forms: a xanthorous form (an excess of yellow pigmentation) and a black form. and from these multiple varieties have been developed.Blue and red colors were the first and easiest to develop. They have now been followed by magenta, orange, white, yellow, black, turquoise, dark blue, bright blue with pink highlights, cream, dark green colorations. Marble and butterfly patterns have emerged in combinations of these, such as a purple and blue. There are also metallic tones such as copper, gold, platinum, and an "Opaque" white. These were obtained by crossing with other Betta species. Bettas have been selectively bred for finnage that is longer and of various shapes. Some of these forms include:Fancy colorful males are most commonly seen, but females that were once quite a drab fish are now available in much more intense colors and finnage as well. Even so, females do not attain the same showy fins nor the color intensity that males of the same type do.
First discovered in Southeast Asia. The Betta's natural home is shallow stagnant water like found in flooded rice paddies, & drainage ditches. The betta became adapted to frequent flooding and severe droughts. The drastic changes in its environment made the fish adapt - retaining a primitive lung called a labyrinth. Labyrinth fish have the ability to breathe oxygen directly from the air as well as take in oxygen from its gills. As a result, labyrinth fish can survive short periods out of water if needed, inhaling the air around them & surviving, provided they stay moist. This is why a betta can sustain itself in stagnant, oxygen-deficient water.
Betta's have distinctive upturned mouths and feed at the water's surface. In nature they would feed on mosquito, dragonfly & damselfly larva, but in a domestic world a good diet consists of dried bloodworms, brine shrimp or daphnia. Our commercial betta & frog food pellets are ideal because it combines all three foods, in addition to vitamins and minerals. This improves the betta's brilliant coloring and longevity.
Can marimo balls have a gender? - Betta Fish and Betta Fish Care
Generally it is recommended to keep a betta in no less than 1 gallon of water. Larger and/or more active bettas will need bigger tanks. This is to ensure a stable environment for the fish as well as an ethically acceptable space for swimming and exercise. The bigger the tank, the less tank maintenance is needed.
Help me find out the gender? : bettafish - Reddit
Because adult Betta splendens are the easiest to sex, this article will focus on them. Take a look at a typical male Betta splendens of any fin type or breed. Remember: color and fin length are not good indicators of gender so it is important to look at unique features to the gender. Here is a quick reminder of basic Betta fish anatomy.
Baby betta gender help please? : bettafish - Reddit